This thesis explores the landscape of an area in south-west Hampshire, within which lay an early Anglo-Norman forest that was first recorded as the Nova Foresta in the Domesday Book. It covers specific aspects of the landscape in an approach that draws on a range of different sources (including AS charters), and brings a spatial dimension to the Domesday evidence. Attention focuses first on the anomalous way in which the Nova Foresta was recorded in a separate section of the Hampshire Domesday. An attempt is made to deconstruct the historical prejudices surrounding the early history of the area. Accounts of the creation of a forest that is inextricably linked to William the Conqueror are reviewed within the broader context of the perception of Domesday forests.