The English Civil Wars fought between 1642 and 1651 left their mark on the landscape of Britain in the form of marks of attack on castles and town walls, of desecration in churches and of ruined houses. The author points out that there are also 'buried landscapes of war' in and around many places that were besieged or fought over. Some of these have come to light, and more remain to be located by excavation and geophysical survey. Urban archaeology has revealed new information about town defences, while several excavations have revealed details of life within castles during this time. The study of battlefields and landscape studies have also given a new perspective on the period.The book includes chapters on towns, castles, country houses, battlefields, siegeworks and other sites such as churches, bridges, burials and re-used sites. There is a discussion of the material culture of the war, and an introduction discusses the various aspects of Civil War archaeology in the past as well as the present. Each chapter ends with a brief discussion.